MULTI LIGAMENT KNEE INJURY
Multi Ligament Knee Injury is a complex, severe and rare injury which mainly occurs due to the tear of one or more ligaments of the knee. The stability of the knee is damaged when an injury affects the combination of the four major knee ligaments including Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL), Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) and Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL). Sports related injuries and trauma (vehicle accidents) are major causes of multi ligament knee injuries.
Symptoms of Multi Ligament Knee Injury
- Knee Instability
- Disruption in range of motion
- Injury to nerves and arteries of the leg
Causes of Multi Ligament Knee Injury
- Sports like Football, Basketball, Skiing & Soccer
- Falling from height
- Motor vehicle trauma
- Blow to knee
Diagnosis of Multi Ligament Knee Injury
Main aim of diagnosis is to determine the severity and pattern of injury. Common diagnosis methods include:
- Physical examination
- X ray
- MRI scan
- CT scan
Categories of Multi Ligament Knee Injury
- Grade 1
Grade 1 multi ligament knee injury is refers to a mild tear.
- Grade 2
Grade 2 multi ligament knee injury is refers to a partial tear.
- Grade 3
Grade 3 multi ligament knee injury is very serious. This refers to a complete tear.
Treatment of Multi Ligament Knee Injury
Treatment of Multi Ligament Knee Injury is mainly depending on the type and severity of injury.
- Orthopaedic doctor decides personalized treatment plan based on the grade of injury. Grade 1 and Grade 2 multi ligament knee injuries are usually treated by a treatment protocol of rest, ice, compression and elevation.
- Some pain relieving medicines and physical therapy is also used to treat grade 1 and grade 2 multi ligament knee injury.
- Grade 3 multi ligament injury is very devastating and severe and it requires surgery. In grade 3 multi ligament injury, the surgical reconstruction of damaged knee ligaments is usually done arthroscopically. Arthroscopic surgery mainly involves reconstruction of the torn ligaments by using the tissue graft taken from another part of the body or from a donor. During this reconstruction surgery, the damaged ligament is replaced by the graft and fixed to the femur as well as tibia by using metallic screws. After a period of few months, the graft heals slowly.
- After the multi ligament knee reconstruction surgery, patients may be needed crutches for few weeks. Most of the patients can return to normal life after a rehabilitation procedure.
The Upper Limb Clinic, Thane west, is dedicated clinic for all diseases related to Knee, Hand, Shoulder, Elbow and Finger. Contact us today for Finger Arthritis condition to get better and accurate treatment.